Resources

Resources

Paper: Enhancing Inclusion in Elections

The PIANZEA Network has compiled a paper on enhancing electoral inclusion of women, young people and people with disability. Drawing on existing literature, the paper forms seven guiding principles of electoral inclusion and presents case studies from PIANZEA members as examples of work being undertaken to improve electoral inclusion. 

Enhancing Inclusion in Elections: A PIANZEA Discussion Paper

Paper: Running Effective, COVID-Safe Elections

The PIANZEA Network has developed a paper and checklist to assist Network members to plan COVID-safe elections in the Pacific. The paper includes a comprehensive checklist that can be used to incorporate COVID considerations with election planning. The paper draws on the experiences of PIANZEA members as well as utilising existing literature.

Running Effective, COVID-Safe Elections in the Pacific: A Checklist Approach

 

 

PIANZEA Network Members’ Constitution List

The following is a summary of PIANZEA Network member country constitutions, with a focus on sections relevant to electoral systems and administration. The details of this page were last reviewed in September 2021. 

Country

Constitution

Electoral Sections

Australia

Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act

Sections 7-12, sections 24-33, and section 41

Cook Islands

The Constitution of the Cook Islands

Sections 27-28

Federated States of Micronesia

Constitution of the Federated States of Micronesia

Article 6 and article 9, sections 8 and 12

Fiji

Constitution of the Republic of Fiji

Chapter 3, parts B and C

Kiribati

Constitution of the Republic of Kiribati

Chapter 5, part 1

Nauru

The Constitution of Nauru

Sections 29 and 39

New Zealand

Constitution Act 1986

Sections 10 and 17

Niue

Constitution of Niue

Part 2

Palau

Constitution of Palau

Article 9

Papua New Guinea

Independent State of Papua New Guinea Constitution

Sections 105-106, subdivisions G and H

Papua New Guinea  (Autonomous Region of Bougainville)

Constitution of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville

Part 8

Republic of the Marshall Islands

Constitution of the Republic of the Marshall Islands

Sections 4-6 and 12-13

Samoa

Constitution of the Independent State of Samoa

Section 64

Solomon Islands

The Constitution of Solomon Islands

Part 1

Timor-Leste

Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

Section 7, 65, 76, and 93

Tokelau

Constitution of Tokelau 2006

Section 3

Kingdom of Tonga

The Constitution of Tonga

Sections 23, 59-60, 63-66, 76-77

Tuvalu

The Constitution of Tuvalu

Part 6

Vanuatu

Constitution of the Republic of Vanuatu

Sections 17-20

 

Note: This list does not include all amendments.

PIANZEA Network Members’ Electoral Legislation

The following is a summary of the PIANZEA Network members’ electoral legislation. The details of this page were last reviewed in September 2021. 

Australia             

Cook Islands

Federated States of Micronesia

Fiji         

Kiribati 

Nauru

New Zealand     

Niue     

Palau    

Papua New Guinea

Republic of the Marshall Islands

Samoa 

Solomon Islands

Timor-Leste

Tokelau

Kingdom of Tonga

Tuvalu  

Vanuatu