PIANZEA Network Members’ Constitution List

The following is a summary of PIANZEA Network member country constitutions, with a focus on sections relevant to electoral systems and administration. The details of this page were last reviewed in September 2021. 



Electoral Sections


Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act

Sections 7-12, sections 24-33, and section 41

Cook Islands

The Constitution of the Cook Islands

Sections 27-28

Federated States of Micronesia

Constitution of the Federated States of Micronesia

Article 6 and article 9, sections 8 and 12


Constitution of the Republic of Fiji

Chapter 3, parts B and C


Constitution of the Republic of Kiribati

Chapter 5, part 1


The Constitution of Nauru

Sections 29 and 39

New Zealand

Constitution Act 1986

Sections 10 and 17


Constitution of Niue

Part 2


Constitution of Palau

Article 9

Papua New Guinea

Independent State of Papua New Guinea Constitution

Sections 105-106, subdivisions G and H

Papua New Guinea  (Autonomous Region of Bougainville)

Constitution of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville

Part 8

Republic of the Marshall Islands

Constitution of the Republic of the Marshall Islands

Sections 4-6 and 12-13


Constitution of the Independent State of Samoa

Section 64

Solomon Islands

The Constitution of Solomon Islands

Part 1


Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

Section 7, 65, 76, and 93


Constitution of Tokelau 2006

Section 3

Kingdom of Tonga

The Constitution of Tonga

Sections 23, 59-60, 63-66, 76-77


The Constitution of Tuvalu

Part 6


Constitution of the Republic of Vanuatu

Sections 17-20


Note: This list does not include all amendments.